ISO 6798-2:2020

ISO 6798-2:2020 pdf free.Reciprocating internal combustion engines一Measurement of sound
power level using sound pressure一Survey method.
4 Test environment
4.1 General
The test environment shall be a room or a flat outdoor area which is adequately isolated from background noise and which meets the qualification requirements given in 4.
Environmental conditions having an adverse effect on the microphones used for the measurements (e.g. wind, impingement of air discharge, high or low temperatures) shall be avoided. The instructions of the manufacturer on the measuring instrumentation regarding adverse environmental conditions shall be followed. Particular care should be exercised to ensure that any plane does not radiate any appreciable sound due to vibrations.
4.2 Criterion for background noise
The time-averaged sound pressure level (abbreviated as sound pressure level in the following text) of the background noise measured and meant (energy average) over the microphone positions shall be at least 3,0 dB, and preferably more than 10,0 dB, below the corresponding uncorrected sound pressure level of the noise source under test when measured in the presence of this background noise.
4.3 Criterion for acoustic adequacy of test environment
Annex A specifies procedures for determining the environmental correction, K2A.
Measurements in accordance with this document are valid only when K2A≤7,0 dB.
NOTE When K2A> 7,0, Iso 9614 (all parts) can be used.
5.2 Calibration
Before and after each series of measurements, a sound calibrator meeting the requirements of IEC 60942, class 1 shall be applied to each microphone to verify the calibration of the entire measuring system at one or more frequencies within the frequency range of interest. Without any adjustment, the difference between the readings made before and after each series of measurements shall be less than or equal to 0,5 dB. If this value is exceeded, the results of the series of measurements shall be discarded.
The sound calibrator and the instrumentation system which meet the requirements, and the reference sound source (RSS) that meets the requirements of ISO 6926, shall be verified at intervals in a laboratory making calibrations traceable to appropriate standards.
Unless otherwise specified, the sound calibrator should be calibrated at intervals not exceeding 1 year, the instrumentation system and the reference sound source should be calibrated at intervals not exceeding 2 years.
5.3 Application
To minimize the influence of observers on the noise measurements, the microphones shall be preferably mounted on a rigid frame or stand which is not connected to the vibrating surface, the microphone shall always be oriented in such a way that the angle of incidence of the sound waves is that for which the microphone is calibrated and always be oriented to the centre of the tested object (the measurement unit(s) related to the microphone position).
The sound pressure level shall be measured using an integrating sound level meter. If the sound level meter is used to measure time-weighting sound pressure level, the time-weighting characteristic “S” shall be used for the noise source under test operated in steady condition and the time-weighting characteristic “F” shall be used for the noise source under test operated in non-steady condition (e.g. engine operated in the accelerated or decelerated condition). The measured average value can be expressed as the sound pressure level.
The period of stationary measurement for the sound pressure level shall be at least 4 s, 8 s or above is better.ISO 6798-2 pdf download.

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